Falls are not inevitable and many older people can be prevented from falling. Some risk factors for falls are relatively easy to change and, where falls occur, the severity of injuries can be reduced. The first step: if a person is feeling unsteady or has a fall - even one that does not cause injury - make an appointment to discuss this with your doctor.
Exercise to improve your balance, strength and flexibility: home or group exercise programs, Tai Chi and armchair Pilates are good examples.
Wear shoes that are comfortable and fit well. They should be wide enough in the toe area, have low or no heels, and have slip-resistant soles.
Regular eye and ear examinations are important as eye disease and inner ear problems can increase the risk of falling.
Our blood pressure control on changing position (e.g. standing up) becomes less effective and may cause us to feel unsteady or even dizzy. Avoid rapidly moving from a sitting or lying position, take your time, and if you experience dizziness, stop and adjust your posture before moving again.
Be aware that some medications (including blood pressure tablets) can make you feel dizzy - if in doubt, check with your doctor.
If you rely on a walking stick for balance - use it. We cannot emphasise this enough. The IQ Stick is ideal for short trips, for example, to make a cup of tea or for a bathroom break.